Types of employment
Whether you are a sole trader, partnership or company business structure, you can employ people under a number of categories. Some categories offer more flexibility for workers, while others provide more security for the business.
Choosing to employ people under different categories can maintain flexibility in your workforce while also meeting the needs of the business. Make sure you choose an employment type that suits the business and the employee.
Each category places a different set of obligations for you and your staff. Below are the most common employee types:
- full-time - generally, employees work 38 hours per week.
- part-time - employees work less than 38 hours per week, with a guaranteed minimum number of hours.
- casual - employees work hours may vary per week, depending on the work available.
- fixed term - employees are generally employed for a fixed period of time.
To properly determine your obligations as an employer, it's important for you to distinguish if your workers are employees or independent contractors. This will help in determining wages and other conditions.
What to do...
- Visit the Fair Work Ombudsman's website for further information about your responsibilities, different types of employment categories, how to calculate minimum wages and the differences between contractors and employees.
- If you're a sole trader or partnership in Western Australia under the WA industrial relations system, you should refer to types of employment arrangements in WA.
- Visit the Australian JobSearch website for employer services and recruitment opportunities.
- Phone the Employer Hotline on 13 17 15 for information about the Australian JobSearch and JobActive.
- Use the Employee obligations checklist on the Australian Taxation Office website to help meet your tax and superannuation obligations.
- Let Provider Search help you get the right person for the job. They may also be able to assist with wage subsidies, training or other support.
- Search for assistance using our Grants & Assistance.
- Use our online independent contractors decision tool to see whether the courts are likely to consider you to be an independent contractor or employee.
- See our Independent contractors topic.
- Find out about employing staff who work from home or with varying hours in the Family and work topic.