International Trade Remedies Advisory Service

  • Are you an Australian business completing at least one substantial process of manufacture in Australia and
    • you are facing competition from goods imported into Australia and
    • you believe these goods are imported into Australia at a cheaper price than what they are sold for in the exporter’s domestic market and
    • the low price of the imported goods is affecting your business’ sales volume and price?
  • Are you an importer paying anti-dumping measures on goods you believe do not require those duties because you are unable to source the goods from an Australian manufacturer? Or, are you an importer paying countervailing measures on goods you believe do not require those duties because they do not reflect the current level of subsidisation of your exporter? 

If so, these are some of the many scenarios where the International Trade Remedies Advisory (ITRA) Service helps Australian small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs) access Australia’s anti-dumping and countervailing system.

What is dumping, subsidisation and anti-dumping in the marketplace?

What is dumping?

When a company exports a product to another country at a price below that price charged in the country of manufacture, or below the cost of manufacturing the product, it is known as ‘dumping’ the product. In 2016, Australia’s only producer of chrome bar, and also an SME, was severely affected by cheap imported chrome bar. Following a robust investigation, the Australian Government took action to level the playing field for its domestic industry. They did this by imposing anti-dumping duties, explained below.

What is subsidisation?

Subsidisation is where an exporter benefits from government assistance in the country of export. This benefit allows the exporter to sell the goods to Australia at a lower price, which causes material injury to the Australian industry.

What is anti-dumping and countervailing?

Anti-dumping is when the government applies an additional duty on imports and/or a minimum export price, to remedy material injury to Australian producers caused by dumping. The additional duty to remedy subsidisation is called a countervailing duty.

Creating a level playing field for business

An anti-dumping system exists in Australia to create a level playing field. The system allows Australian manufacturers to apply for anti-dumping and/or countervailing duties where they believe dumped and/or subsidised goods being imported into Australia are harming their business.

Dumping is not prohibited or illegal under the World Trade Organisation (WTO) international agreements, however it is defined as anti-competitive behaviour. Anti-dumping policy and regulation is important, as it provides trade remedies when local producers are materially injured from imports of ‘dumped’ and/or subsidised goods.

What can the International Trade Remedies Advisory Service do?

The ITRA Service primarily acts as an information service for SMEs by:

  • assisting manufacturers and producers with preparing applications for anti-dumping and/or countervailing investigations, circumvention investigations, continuation inquiries and reviews
  • assisting importers with applications for duty assessments, exemptions and reviews
  • assisting with making submissions to the Anti-Dumping Commission for ongoing cases
  • ensuring that applications for anti-dumping and/or countervailing investigations for industries with multiple players have the right level of industry support
  • raising awareness of how the anti-dumping system works
  • advising on general anti-dumping and countervailing matters.

Any Australian registered business that is an SME (has less than 200 full-time staff) can access the free ITRA Service, including importers that buy overseas goods.

The ITRA Service can only provide general information on the appeals process and cannot make representations to the Anti-Dumping Review Panel on behalf of SMEs.

The Anti-Dumping Commission administers the anti-dumping system. The ITRA Service is not part of the Commission and does not act on its behalf.


  • Overview
  • About our services
  • Anti-dumping and SMEs  
  • Keeping up to date with anti-dumping measures  
  • When to use the anti-dumping system
  • Out of scope
  • Australian industry
  • How the ITRA Service helps facilitate Australian industry cooperation  
  • Suspected circumvention activity
  • How to calculate a deductive export price
  • Tariff concession orders
  • Incoterms

Find out more

  • Read how the Anti-Dumping Commission runs the anti-dumping system
  • Find out how to access the Anti-Dumping Commission system, including different types of investigations, assistance available, forms, guidelines and manuals
  • Learn more about how the Anti-Dumping Review Panel reviews decisions of the Minister for Industry, innovation and Science and the Commissioner of the Anti-Dumping Commission
  • Read how the Tariff Concession System provides duty-free entry for certain goods where there is no local industry that produces those goods
  • Find out how the Certain Inputs to Manufacture duty concession scheme provides Australian manufacturers importing chemicals, plastics, paper goods and metal materials or goods used in food packaging, with duty-free tariff concessions to help reduce their importing costs
  • Read how Free Trade Agreements can remove or reduce trade and investment barriers between countries
  • Find out how Austrade can help you maximise your opportunities overseas
  • Read the manufacturing industry fact sheet for an overview of the legal, operational and business issues relevant to the manufacturing industry
  • Search Grants & Assistance to find more grants and assistance programs for the manufacturing industry, including assistance with importing and exporting.

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