A cash payment refers to when customers pay using physical currency, such as notes and coins. Australia’s currency is the Australian dollar.
The Australian dollar
The Australian dollar comes in notes and coins. Australian notes are $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 notes. Australian notes are legal tender under section 36(1) of the Reserve Bank Act 1959 (Cth).
Read the Reserve Bank of Australia’s banknotes in circulation page to learn more about Australian notes.
Currently, 5-cent, 10-cent, 20-cent, 50-cent, one-dollar and two-dollar coins are in circulation in Australia. Australian coins are legal tender under section 16 of the Currency Act 1965 (Cth). Check out the Royal Australian Mint’s Coin designs page to find out more about Australian coins.
Before finalising a sale, there is no legal obligation to accept Australian coins and notes as a payment method. Unless you specified a different form of payment before finalising the sales contract, however, you might not be able to enforce a different form of payment using the legal system.
Read the Reserve Bank of Australia’s Legal tender page to learn more about the legal status of the Australian dollar.
Benefits of cash payments
Allowing cash payments for your goods and services has several benefits. Check out these examples:
PrivacyCash payments don’t automatically leave records. Customers may prefer cash payments when buying private goods or services, such as pharmaceuticals and medical services.
ConvenienceCash doesn’t require authorisations like typing in PIN codes.
ReliabilityCash payments are possible in locations without electricity and aren’t vulnerable to technical problems, such as broken EFTPOS machines.
Low setup costsUnlike other payment methods, cash payments don’t have the set up costs of payment methods like online payments and EFTPOS. However, you still need to consider the potential cash handling and labour costs associated with taking cash.
Disadvantages of cash payments
Processing cash payments isn’t free. It costs money because of labour costs, service fees and losses due to theft. Check out these examples:
High labour costsIf you receive lots of cash, labour costs are high. You have to spend a lot of time and money on activities such as counting cash, bookkeeping and banking.
High risk of theftCash has a high risk of theft. Cash is hard to identify and there is no automatic record if someone steals it. Because of this, cash sales can attract thieves. Both employees and non-employees can steal cash.
Risk of counterfeit and fraudThere is a risk of receiving counterfeit cash, that is that it looks like cash but is not legal Australian tender.
Small service feesThere can be small service fees for banking when processing cash payments, although this depends on your bank or financial institution.
No automatic proof of paymentThere is not automatic proof of payment if someone pays in cash. This can make resolving disputes difficult.
Processing cash payments
Cash payments are useful for low value items or if other payment methods are unreliable. To process cash payments, follow these example steps:
- Let your customers know the total cost for the goods and services they want to buy. If you display or advertise prices, it is an offence under the Australian Consumer Law if you supply your goods or services for more than the lowest advertised price. Read our Pricing and Pricing regulations pages.
- Receive the cash from your customers.
- Give your customers change if they overpay.
- Provide your customers with a receipt and/or a GST tax invoice if they request one. If GST is applied, you must provide a GST tax invoice within 28 days if your customer requests one.
- Keep your cash stored securely. A Cash Register is often used to ensure only authorised people can access it and can help you record your sales transactions.
- Bank the cash at the end of a sales period. During banking, it is a good idea to make sure you have enough change for the next sales period. Banking can earn interest and help protect your cash from theft. Read the Banking page on the SmartMoney website to learn more about banking.
Using and storing cash
You may decide to accept cash and other payment methods depending on your type of business. When using cash, there are certain things you should do to ensure you and your employees can manage cash effectively. These might include the following examples:
Set up a cash register systemThis can help you keep the cash secure when you’re running your business. It can also help you keep track of your sales.
Install a safe on the premisesThis can help secure your cash.
Install security camerasCameras can help you deter theft and other illegal activities. They can also assist in resolving cash handling disputes, such as whether you gave the correct change.
Train your employeesIt's important to train your staff on cash handling procedures, including the reconciliation of cash and storing cash securely. This training may be part of your customer service training and include how to manage customer disputes over cash.
Segregate cash handling dutiesIf you can, it's a good idea to have separate employees record sales, authorise payments and have access to your business’ cash such as in your bank or safe.
Tips when taking cash payments
If you allow cash payments, try these tips:
Regularly bank cashRegularly banking cash reduces the risk of theft. If you need to store cash on premises, make sure you store it securely, such as by using a safe or security cameras.
Avoid large cash paymentsAvoid receiving large amounts of cash. Storing large amounts cash increases the risk of theft.
Use cash if other payment methods are unreliableUse cash payments if your business operates somewhere that other payment methods are unreliable.
Allow cash payments for private goodsCash payments are more private. Allow cash payments if you sell goods or services that may embarrass customers, such as medications.
Don’t send cash through the mailThere is a high risk of theft if customers send cash through the mail. If you need to organise payment to or from someone remotely, consider other payment methods.
Train your staff on cash handling proceduresMake sure you have documented your internal procedures for handling cash and that your employees are trained in the procedures.